Inevitably, in 1988, with the election of President Bush, things did get worse. All around the nation unions were being challenged. With the decline of industries that were highly unionized, such as the steelworkers, autoworkers and rubber industry workers, unions lost many of its members. Global competition intensified. Consequently, the construction trades suffered as well. Local 455 had been experiencing a lot of unemployment during the years 1987-1989. During that three-year period, we consistently had 10% to 15% unemployment.